Principles of Kwanzaa Plaque


Celebrate traditional African values-including family, community, and self-improvement. Display the nguzo saba, the seven principles of Kwanzaa.


1. Find out how the relatively new holiday of Kwanzaa began. How does it draw on cultural traditions and values from African countries? What are the seven principles of Kwanzaa (nguzo saba), and what does each one mean? Mazao, meaning fruits and vegetables, represents the fruit of all work. Combine these ideas to create a Kwanzaa plaque.

2. With Crayola® Colored Pencils, draw a rectangle on posterboard to make the base for your plaque. Cut out the plaque with Crayola Scissors. Color the background with Crayola Washable Markers. Air dry.

3. In the center of the plaque, write the nguzo saba using Crayola Fine Tip Markers.

4. On white paper, draw lots of colorful fruits and vegetables. Cut them out. Overlap them around the edges of your plaque in a visually pleasing manner. Attach with Crayola School Glue. If you like, add a chenille stick or yarn hanger. Air dry.

5. Display your plaque as a reminder about why this 7-day holiday is celebrated.

Safety Guidelines

Adult supervision is required for any arts & crafts project. Observe children closely and intervene as necessary to prevent potential safety problems and ensure appropriate use of arts and crafts materials. Some craft items, particularly beads and buttons, are potential choking hazards for young children. Avoid use of such small parts with children younger than 3 years. Craft items such as scissors, push pins and chenille sticks may have sharp points or edges. Avoid use of materials with sharp points by children younger than 4 years. Read all manufacturers' safety warnings before using arts and craft supplies.

Scissors—ATTENTION: The cutting edges of scissors are sharp and care should be taken whenever cutting or handling. Blunt-tip scissors should be used only by children 4 years and older. Pointed-tip scissors should be used only by children 6 years and older.


  • Create a Kwanzaa harvest banner on roll paper. Illustrate each of the seven principles.
  • During the celebration of Kwanzaa, corn represents the number of children in a family. Create a necklace with an ear of corn for each child in your family.
  • Interview older children to learn how they celebrate Kwanzaa in their families. Compile a book of ways people in your community celebrate Kwanzaa.

Related Lesson Plans

Lesson Plans

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crayola supplies
  • Fine Line Markers
  • Colored Pencils
  • Markers
  • No-Run School Glue
  • Pointed Tip Scissors
  • Construction Paper
household supplies
  • posterboard
  • chenille sticks (optional)



  • Grades 1 to 3
  • Grades 4 to 6


  • Language Arts
  • Science
  • Social Studies
  • Visual Arts


  • 30 to 60 minutes


  • Students study African culture and learn the origins of Kwanzaa.

  • Students recognize that Kwanzaa is Swahili for "first fruits of the harvest."

  • Students identify and understand the values and meanings of the nguzo saba, the seven principles of Kwanzaa.

  • Students create a Kwanzaa plaque displaying the nguzo saba surrounded by harvest fruits.


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