Penguin on the Ice Triarama
Antarctica’s changing climate is making life more fragile for one of the continent’s most important inhabitants, penguins. Find out what’s happening in the Southern Hemisphere and exhibit your findings.
1. As the ice of Antarctica melts, there are fewer places for penguins to set up rookeries to raise their young. With more open water, penguins have fewer places to hide from predators such as the leopard seal. Even the krill that penguins eat is disturbed because of global warming. Can you imagine the impact of these changes on the penguin population? Pull facts together from your research to show how the environment is changing for penguins on the most isolated continent on Earth.
2. From Crayola Black Color Explosion™ paper, cut an Emperor Penguin using Crayola Scissors. Cut a tab between the penguin’s feet to attach it to your triarama. Detail the penguin’s colorful features using the Black Color Explosion Marker. Cut out the penguin’s belly so the white background of the triarama shows through and gives the penguin its characteristic white front.
3. To add more realism, cut out the head of a hungry leopard seal from Black Color Explosion™ Paper. Leave a tab at the bottom. Draw features including eyes, teeth, and whiskers for this predator using the fine line marker.
4. Crumple a small White Color Explosion Paper rectangle to form an ice floe for the penguin to stand on. Cut a hole in top of the ice. Insert the penguin’s tab. Secure tab with glue. Air-dry.
5. To make the triarama for your exhibit, fold over a corner of a sheet of White Color Explosion Paper to create a square. Cut off excess strip. Lightly fold the square into half both ways to create four triangles. Unfold and cut along one fold into the center of the square. Before sliding one triangle under another (to pop up the triarama), use the White Color Explosion Markers to draw the choppy, ice-filled Antarctic sea in the bottom triangle as well as a cloud-streaked sky in the two top sections.
6. Scrunch up more rectangles of White Color Explosion™ to form larger ice shelves. Run the White Color Explosion Marker over the folds to look like cracks in the ice. Attach the ice to the sides of the triarama with glue dots for a realistic 3-D effect. Glue on the penguin and the seal to complete the tableaux. Air-dry the glue.
Adult supervision is required for any arts & crafts project. Observe children closely and intervene as necessary to prevent potential safety problems and ensure appropriate use of arts and crafts materials. Some craft items, particularly beads and buttons, are potential choking hazards for young children. Avoid use of such small parts with children younger than 3 years. Craft items such as scissors, push pins and chenille sticks may have sharp points or edges. Avoid use of materials with sharp points by children younger than 4 years. Read all manufacturers' safety warnings before using arts and craft supplies.
Color Explosion™ Black—Wash hands well with soap and water after use.
Scissors—ATTENTION: The cutting edges of scissors are sharp and care should be taken whenever cutting or handling. Blunt-tip scissors should be used only by children 4 years and older. Pointed-tip scissors should be used only by children 6 years and older.
Sponges and Foam—Sponges, foam, and other expandable materials should not be used with children 3 years old and younger.
- Look into how global warming has affected different species of penguins, such as the abandoned colonies of the Adelie Penguin or the decline in Emperor Penguins by half in the last 50 years.
- Research the effects of global warming on each of the continents. In what ways is Antarctica changing? How does this compare with the other continents?
- Invite a presenter from The Climate Project (www.theclimateproject.org) to speak at your school as a kick-off to an energy assessment and conservation initiative within your school.
- Assessment: Did students gain an understanding of the carefully balanced life in the harsh climate of Antarctica? Were Black and White Color Explosion™ used to their creative potential? Were students able to extrapolate from the fate of Antarctic wildlife outward to larger global repercussions?