Noteworthy Niagara Falls


Niagara Falls is a natural wonder on the international border between the United States and Canada. Learn about the geological forces that shaped it and why it attracts so many visitors today.


1. Niagara Falls is a popular tourist destination for visitors from around the world. In addition to tourism, the Falls are also used to generate hydroelectric power for surrounding areas.

2. Niagara Falls is made up of three different waterfalls: the American and Bridal Veil Falls in New York on the United States side and the Horseshoe Falls in Ontario on the Canadian side. How do the falls differ in size and appearance? What other geological features do you see in this area?

3. The Falls were formed more than 10,000 years ago by a retreating glacier at the end of the last Ice Age. How did geological forces shape the Falls? Research the geological history of the Niagara region.

4. Imagine you are trying to attract geologists to hold a conference in the Niagara region. Design a travel poster that highlights the geology or geological history of the region. Include images drawn with Metallic FX Crayons or Metallic Colored Pencils to make your poster stand out. Use a captivating title or catchy lingo to accompany your drawings.

5. Present your poster to the class. Which poster(s) best highlight Niagara Falls geology?

Safety Guidelines

Adult supervision is required for any arts & crafts project. Observe children closely and intervene as necessary to prevent potential safety problems and ensure appropriate use of arts and crafts materials. Some craft items, particularly beads and buttons, are potential choking hazards for young children. Avoid use of such small parts with children younger than 3 years. Craft items such as scissors, push pins and chenille sticks may have sharp points or edges. Avoid use of materials with sharp points by children younger than 4 years. Read all manufacturers' safety warnings before using arts and craft supplies.

Adult Assistance is required for this arts & crafts project.


  • What other large waterfalls do you find on earth? Learn about another large waterfall. How is its geological history different from Niagara Falls?
  • Learn more about hydroelectric power. How is it created? What are its uses? Make a drawing of a hydroelectric generator.
  • Where does the water that goes down Niagara Falls originate? Follow the path of water from its origin to the bottom of the Falls.

Related Lesson Plans

Lesson Plans

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crayola supplies
  • Metallic Colored Pencils
  • Construction Paper
  • Metallic FX Crayons



  • Grades 1 to 3
  • Grades 4 to 6


  • Social Studies
  • Visual Arts
  • Science


  • Multiple Sessions
  • 30 to 60 minutes


  • Children learn the location and geological features of the Niagara region.

  • Students research the geological history of how the Niagara Falls were formed.

  • Students design a geology-based travel poster that includes drawings, text and information about the region.

  • Children present their work to the class and evaluate their peers’ work.


Research Canada Standards
Research UK Standards
Research U.S. Standards