How Does the Story Begin…or End?

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Why?

Every day has starting and ending points. What time does school begin? What time is soccer practice over? The opening and closing of a story is just as important!

Steps

  1. 1. Why do stories need good beginnings and endings? Good beginnings get readers’ attentions. Strong introductions hook and lead readers into the story. Good conclusions leave readers feeling satisfied. Most writers figure out their beginnings and endings when they outline their stories.
  2. 2. Read a few story beginnings such as those from "Charlotte’s Web" by E.B. White or "Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day" by Judith Viorst. Consider fairy tales, traditional ethnic stories, and various types of literature to broaden your possibilities.
  3. 3. Write a beginning sentence to your own imaginative story on a white board with a Crayola Dry-Erase Marker. Read your openings aloud to each other. Which ones capture the most attention? Which ones could lead to an interesting story? With a bit of editing, how could they be improved? List the beginnings that have the most potential on a two-column chart on a large white board. (The second column is for endings.)
  4. 4. Now, write some story endings (they don’t have to match the beginnings). A good ending ties all the threads of the story together, ends any conflict in the plot, and completes the telling of the tale. Go back to your favorite book and read the ending. Why was it satisfying? Was it exciting, too?
  5. 5. Add the most compelling story-ending lines to the chart. Include types of endings such as statements that summarize the story, predictions of what could still happen, and reflections about events that took place in the story.
  6. 6. Use the beginnings and endings for round-robin oral story-telling in small groups.

adaptations

Read selections from "Stories Without Endings: Snapshots" by Lynn W. Kloss. Write your own endings. Share them orally with classmates to see how everyone saw things in a different light.

Start with an oral thumbnail sketch of a story provided by your teacher or another student. Write an opening that will pull in kids to read it.

Assessment: Students write a short story. Assess whether the introduction uses words and ideas to hook readers. Does the ending sum up the story and leave readers satisfied?

benefits

Students learn the importance and attributes of story openings and closings.

Students write story openings and closings and record them on a chart.

In small groups, students tell stories using the openings and closings.

grades

Grades 1 to 3
Grades 4 to 6

subjects

Language Arts
Visual Arts

curriculum standards links

US: Research U.S. Standards
UK: Research UK Standards
Canada: Research Canada Standards

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